Environmental Studies Curriculum

Major and combined majors offered

A student may choose environmental studies as a stand-alone major, a combined major in conjunction with other departments (see below), or as one field in a multi-field major (see Curriculum, Multi-field Major Program). Students can earn a B.S. degree emphasizing environmental science via combined majors with biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics or psychology; or a B.A. degree in the stand-alone major or in a combined major with economics, English, government, philosophy or sociology.

Restrictions

        1. Students desiring to major in any of the environmental studies majors must have earned a minimum of 2.25 in ENVS 101 to be admitted to the major.
        2. For the stand-alone major and all combined majors, all Nature/Society (N/S) courses, all Environmental Science and Policy (ESP) courses and all required dual-listed electives, must be taken in the environmental studies department at St. Lawrence University.
        3. For students undertaking double majors and including environmental studies as one of the two majors, no more than two courses dual-listed with the department of the second major may be counted as electives toward the environmental studies major.
        4. For the stand-alone major no more than two courses can be counted as electives from other institutions and University-approved abroad/away programs. For all combined majors only one ENVS course can be counted.
        5. Students intending to pursue an interdisciplinary major in environmental studies must take 101 by the end of their fourth semester.
        6. A major in environmental studies cannot be declared later than the mid-point of a student’s fifth semester, or equivalent.

Stand-Alone Major

The stand-alone major (B.A.) serves students who wish to concentrate their efforts in environmental studies. This major is tailored to individual interests and emphasizes depth in selected subjects, as well as the integrative, interdisciplinary approaches of environmental studies.

Requirements

All combined majors in environmental studies require the following courses:

  • ENVS 101. Introduction to Environmental Studies. (1 unit)
  • Environmental Science and Policy (ESP) and/or research-based SYE courses (4 units)
  • Nature/Society Course (1 unit)
  • Natural Science Elective (1 unit)
  • Social Science/Humanities Elective (1 unit)
  • Electives* (3 units)

Total: 11 units

*Courses must be from approved dual-listed courses taught by faculty in other departments on campus.

Combined Majors

Environmental studies, in conjunction with other departments, has created 10 interdisciplinary majors, allowing students to integrate substantial efforts in traditional disciplines with environmental studies. These majors are designed for students who wish to acquire expertise in another department while still benefiting from the integrative approaches of environmental studies. Five B.S. options are available with natural science departments: biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics and psychology. Five B.A. options are available with departments in the social sciences and humanities: economics, English, government, philosophy and sociology. In each interdisciplinary major, it is essential that the student work closely with advisors in both departments.

Progress in both halves of the combined major should take place at about the same pace.

Combined Major - Core Courses

All Combined majors in environmental studies require the following courses:

  • 101.        Introduction to Environmental Studies. (1 unit)
  • Environmental Science and Policy (ESP) courses (3 units)
  • Nature/Society Course (1 unit)
  • Electives* (2 units)

Total: 7 units

*One elective must be a dual-listed natural science course for B.A. students or a social science or humanities course for B.S. students. Some combined majors require an SYE in either department which may raise the total units to 8 if taken in environmental studies. Honors is always in the major, incorporating both departments and at least one committee member from each department. The faculty mentor may be in either department.

Environmental Studies–Biology

Combined Major Core:  7 units (listed above)

Biology

  • 101,102. General Biology. (3 units)
  • 221. General Ecology. (1 unit)
  • Electives* (5 units)

Total: 16 units

*Electives that are dual-listed should be taken under the biology number. These electives count toward the biology portion of the combined major. Biology electives must include two 300- or 400-level courses. And one of the following: (1) four units with lab, (2) three units with lab and one unit of lab or field-based SYE, or (3) two units with lab and one unit of research methods with lecture and lab. Students planning for graduate work in biology should take General Chemistry and Statistics.

Environmental Studies–Chemistry

Combined Major Core: 7 units (listed above)

Chemistry

  • 103,104. General Chemistry. (2.5 units) Or
  • 105.        Accelerated General Chemistry.          (1.25 units)
  • 205.        Quantitative Analysis. (1.25 units)
  • 221, 222. Organic Chemistry. (2.5 units)
  • 306.        Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology. (1 unit)
  • 341.        Quantum Chemistry and Spectroscopy. or
  • 342.        Biophysical Chemistry. (1 unit)

Lab courses, to be selected from: (2 units)

  • 351.        Advanced Organic Laboratory.
  • 352.        Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory.
  • 353.        Physical Chemistry Laboratory.
  • 452.        Instrumental Analysis.

Total: 16 or 17.25 units

Environmental Studies–Economics

Combined Major Core: 7 units (listed above)

Economics

  • 100.        Introduction to Economics. (1 unit)
  • 200.        Quantitative Methods in Economics. (1.5 unit)
  • 251.        Intermediate Microeconomic Theory.* (1 unit)
  • 252.        Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory.* (1 unit)
  • 308.        Environmental Economics. or
  • 384.        Natural Resource Economics. (1 unit)
  • Electives* (3 units)

Total: 15.5 units

*Electives that are dual-listed should be taken under the economics number. Dual-listed electives count toward the economics portion of the combined major. Economics electives must include at least two 300- or 400-level courses. Economics majors must pass Econ 251 and Econ 252 with a grade of 2.0 or higher.

Environmental Studies–English

Combined Major Core: 7 units (listed above)

English

  1. At least three writing courses, two of which are in the sequence:
  • 201 and 309 Journalism
  • 202 and 295 Creative Non-fiction
  • 241 and 310 Fiction
  • 242 and 311 Poetry
  • 243 and 295 Creative Non-fiction
  • 243 and 308 Creative Nonfiction
  • 243 and 309 Nonfiction/Journalism
  • 244 and 306 Screenwriting
  • A relevant special topics course in writing or independent study in writing may count as one course.

The following may also count as writing courses:

  • 202. Creative Expressions. (Adirondack semester)
  • 293. A Literary Harvest.
  • 295. Nature and Environmental Writing.
  1. At least four literature courses, which must include:
  1. At least one of the following survey courses:
  • 190EL. Introduction to Literary Forms, Nature Writing.
  • 226. Survey of English Literature.
  • 231. Adirondack Literature.
  • 237. Survey of American Literature.
  • 239. Survey of Canadian Literature.
  • 263. Native American Fiction.
  1. ENG 250. Methods of Critical Analysis.
  2. At least one of the following 300-level literature courses:
  • 328. English Romanticism.
  • 331. American Romanticism: 1830-1860.
  • 332. American Realism.
  • 334. Reading the Land: Pastoral and Georgic Literature.
  • 346 American Literature a.
  1. At least one dual-listed English/Environmental Studies course:
  • 346. American Literature and the Environment.
  • 352. Contemporary Literature and theEnvironment. (4 units)
  • A relevant special topics seminar or independent study in literature.

Total: 14 units

Note: Courses that are dual-listed should be taken under the course number for English. These electives count toward the English portion of the combined major.

Environmental Studies–Geology

Combined Major Core: 7 units (listed above)

Geology

  • 103. The Dynamic Earth. with lab (1 unit)
  • 211. Geomorphology. (1 unit)
  • 216. Sedimentology. (1 unit)
  • 316. Carbonate Seditmentology OR
  • 319. Hydrology and Hydrogeology. (1 unit) OR
  • 320. Regional Field Studies, Geology in the Caribbean (1 unit)
  • 362. Geochemistry. (1 unit)
  • Geology elective at the 200 or 300 level (1 unit)
  • 103. General Chemistry. (1.25 units)
  • 135. Calculus. (1 unit) OR
  • 151. PHYS. University Physics (1 unit)

Total: 15.25 units

It is also recommended that all Environmental Studies–Geology majors take the following courses:

CHEM 104 and MATH 136

*Electives that are dual-listed should be taken under the course number for geology. These count toward the geology portion of the combined major.

Environmental Studies–Government

Interdisciplinary Major Core (listed above) (7 units)

Government

  • 103.        Introduction to American Politics.* (1 unit)
  • 105.        Introduction to Comparative Politics.* (1 unit)
  • 108.        Introduction to International Politics.* or
  • 206.        Introduction to Political Theory. (1 unit)
  • 290, 291, 292, or 293. Research Seminar. (1 unit)
  • 343.        Ecology and Political Thought. (1 unit)
  • Electives** (2 units)

Total:14 units

*At least one of these courses must be taken as a writing-intensive course.

**Electives that are dual-listed should be taken under the government number. These dual-listed electives count toward the government portion of the combined major. Government electives must include one international course and one theory course (usually 108 and 206).

Environmental Studies–Mathematics

Interdisciplinary Major Core (listed above) 7 units

Mathematics

  • 135.        Calculus I. (1 unit)
  • 136.        Calculus II. (1 unit)
  • 205.        Multivariate Calculus. (1 unit)
  • 230.        Differential Equations. (1 unit)
  • 350.        Mathematical Modeling. (1 unit)
  • Mathematics elective at the 300- or 400-level (1 unit)

Statistics

  • 113.        Applied Statistics. (1 unit)
  • 213.        Applied Regression Analysis. (1 unit)

Total: 15 units

Environmental Studies–Philosophy

Interdisciplinary Major Core (listed above) 7 units

Philosophy

  • 201.        Ancient Philosophy. (1 unit)
  • 202.        Reasoning. (1 unit)
  • 203.        Ethical Theory. (1 unit)
  • 206.        Introduction to Political Theory. (1 unit)
  • 208.        Modern Philosophy. (1 unit)
  • 310.        Philosophy of the Environment. (1 unit)
  • Electives* (2 units)

Total: 15 units

*Electives that are dual-listed should be taken under the philosophy number and count toward the philosophy portion of the combined major.

Environmental Studies–Psychology

Interdisciplinary Major Core (listed above) (7 units)

Psychology

  • 101NL. Introductory Psychology. or
  • 101WL. Introductory Psychology. (with lab) (1.25 unit)
  • 205.        Research Methods in Psychology. (1 unit)
  • 318.        Environmental Psychology.  (1.25 units)

Electives* (5.25 units)

Total: 15.5 units

*Electives must include at least one course from the biological/evolutionary list and one from the social/cognitive list (see psychology). One course from the biological/evolutionary theme must be taken for lab credit. One elective must be a seminar or independent project.  Note: STAT 113 or ECON 200 must be taken prior to or concurrently with PSYC 205.

Environmental Studies–Sociology

Interdisciplinary Major Core (listed above) (7 units)

Sociology

110.        Global Problems. or

112.        Inequality. or

161.        Social Problems and Policy. or

187.        Environment and Society. (1 unit)

Other courses may be considered, in consultation with the department chair.

  • 203. Foundations of Social Theory.    (1 unit)
  • 300. Qualitative Research Methods. or
  • 301. Quantitative Research Methods. (1 unit)

Two socio-environmental dynamics courses (2 units)

  • 235. Earning a Living.
  • 253. Race, Class, and Environmental Justice.
  • 257. Environmental Problems.
  • 278. China’s Market Transition.
  • 288. Dilemmas of Development.
  • 314. Nomads in World History.
  • 377. Sociology of Consumption.

Other courses may be considered, in consultation with the department chair.

Two electives in sociology* (2 units)

Capstone: one additional 300/400 socio-environmental dynamics course with research component (1 unit)

Total: 15 units

*Electives that are dual-listed should be taken under the sociology number and count toward the sociology portion of the combined major.