Careers in Sociology | St. Lawrence University Sociology

Careers in Sociology

A four-year study of majors, conducted by the American Sociology Association, shows that almost all students who take sociology course are excited by the concepts that they learn.  Some students chose to major in Sociology because they have a strong desire to improve the society around them by better understanding the relationships between individuals and social issues.  Other students are focused on employment, graduate, or professional school.  They see sociology as a major that will prepare them for the job they want or prepare them to continue their education.   


The graduate with a sociology major can succeed in a variety of careers without pursuing an additional degree.  Eighteen months after graduation more than nine out of ten sociology majors who were not full-time graduate students held paid jobs.  Former majors reported finding jobs in many different fields, including case and group workers, non-profit administrators, paralegals, crime scene technicians, human rights advocates, managers, computer consultants, marketing researchers, teachers, editors, and survey workers.  These are job categories that are expected to grow, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.  Sociology majors also report finding these careers very satisfying, especially when the work is more closely related to what they learned as sociology majors.  By four years after graduation, 80% of those majors who entered the labor market have changed jobs, although often staying the in t same field.  These job changes frequently reflect promotion, salary increases, and better benefits, more responsibility, and increasingly interesting work.


One would do better to ask what cannot be done with a degree in sociology. In a sense sociology provides students with a broad informational background, critical thinking skills, research skills, and communication skills sought by the vast majority of employers. Sociology, like other liberal arts majors offers students, not simply a fixed base of current knowledge, but the insight to identify major questions, and the ability to pursue meaningful answers to those questions. In short, sociology students learn how to learn.

More specifically, sociology students obtain myriad types of jobs with a BA or BS in Sociology.  Sociology graduates have held jobs as Program Implementers, Child Care Counselors, Social Workers, Therapists, Employment Interviewers, Census Enumerators, Office Coordinators, Group Counselors, Unit Coordinators of group homes, Counselors for delinquent youths, Consultants, Researchers, Social Services Case Workers, Child Protection Workers, Managers of retail establishments, Employment and Training Specialists, Training Coordinators, Police Officers, Prison Guards, Probation Officers, Activity Directors in nursing homes, Youth Shelter Directors, and Personnel Managers.

Undergraduate Sociology also acts as a springboard for specialized fields of graduate study. About half of majors pursue advanced degreed directly after undergraduate school or after working for a while.  An undergraduate sociology degree provides a logical pathway to advanced degrees in fields such as sociology, social work, education, psychology, counseling, law, city planning, business, anthropology, criminal justice, public policy, medicine, and public health.


Sociology majors learn skills useful for their future careers.  Sociology graduates report that the most valuable skills they gained from the sociology courses were the following: developing evidence-based arguments, evaluating different research methods, writing clear reports,  interpreting data, using computer resources to locate information, learning statistical software, understanding tests of significance, working with diverse groups, and identifying ethical issues in research.  The sociology curriculum also teaches students a variety of interpersonal skills, such as working in small groups, using leadership skills, and working with people from diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds. 


  • If you plan to find a job directly after graduation, you can participate in internships, engage in community activities, take part in community based learning programs, gain leadership skills, and attend job fairs. 
  • List the skills that you learned in sociology on your resume and be sure to discuss them during job interviews.  
  • Work with one or more faculty members on research projects so that you can expand your research skills
  • Utilize your networks, such as alumni, faculty, and the sociology honor society Alpha kappa Delta.
  • Attend state or regional sociology meetings, which inform students about cutting edge research; develop relationships with faculty members and graduate students; and how to present their work at scholarly meetings.


Parents want their children to be successful, and some parents do not have a strong idea about what sociology is.  You can address these issues if you talk about your major.  Engage your parents and family members in conversations about what you find interested in your classes.  If your parents understand that interests you about sociology, they are more likely to understand and appreciate sociology and be more supportive of your choice of major.  Furthermore, tell your parents about the skills and knowledge you are acquiring as sociology major and that have led majors to find jobs in growing fields.

Adapted from the American Sociological Association’s Report: Launching Majors into Satisfying Careers: Faculty manual and student Dataset.  2010.

For more information, see the American Sociological Association's website: Careers in Sociology.