What is Stalking?
Stalking: A course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear (-Stalking Resource Center)
Unlike other crimes, stalking is a series of actions that, when taken individually, may be perfectly legal.
Types of stalkers:
- Hold a delusional belief that they are loved by their target - usually a well-known person
- Love Obsession
- No previous personal relationship
- Want to live out their fantasy with the target
- Simple Obsession
- Previous or current intimate partner
- Rejection often triggers this form of stalking
- Turn to threats and violence as means of power & control
What are the behaviors of a stalker?
- Calling repeatedly
- Voice/Text messages
- Waiting outside of residence hall
- Waiting outside of work
- Following target
- Sending letters (traditional mail or electronic)
- Sending gifts
- Instant messaging someone
- Using AIM or social networking to learn about target
- Taking pictures of target
- Befriending target's friends
Why do people stalk?
- Power and Control
- Sexual Gratification (voyeurism)
- Planning to commit a crime (rapists)
- Because they can