Chicago Manual of Style | St. Lawrence University WORD Studio

Chicago Manual of Style

Citing Sources in Your Text

Unlike MLA or APA citation styles, which call for parenthetical citations, Chicago style calls for footnotes or endnotes. Put a superscript number in your text corresponding to the number of the note; place the citation information at the bottom of the page (for footnotes) or together on an endnotes page.

BOOK (the first time you cite it)
[Footnote number] First Name Last Name, Title of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page number.
Example: 3. Patrick Martin, The Politics of the Vatican (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000), 31.

Give a full citation the first time you cite a source, including the publication information and page number of the passage cited.

ARTICLE (the first time you cite it)
[Footnote number] First Name Last Name, "Title of Article," Title of Journal Volume Number (Year): pages.
Example: 13. Paige Smith, "The Tyranny of the Wireless Industry," Wireless News 12 (2002): 5-8.

WEBSITE (the first time you cite it)
[Footnote number] Name of Author (or Corporate Author), Title of Website, Date Posted on Web, (Date you accessed the site).
Example: 24. Lisa Houlihan, Contemporary Children's Literature Links, 5 January 2004, (15 January 2004). When you cite any source for the second, third, etc. time: 7. Martin, 15. Subsequent footnoted references to a work you've already cited in full need only the author's last name and the number of the page or pages cited.

Making a Bibliography

Your bibliography should follow your endnotes page (if you're using endnotes instead of footnotes). Alphabetize the list of sources by author's last name or first important word of title. If an entry is more than one line long, indent each additional line one tabspace.

Last name, First name. Title. Place of Publication: Publishing Company, Year.
Example: Martin, Patrick. The Politics of the Vatican. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.

Last name, First name. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume Number (Year): pages.
Example: Smith, Paige. "The Tyranny of the Wireless Industry." Wireless News 12 (2002): 5-8. Notice there is no punctuation between the journal title and the volume number.

Name of author or Corporate author. "Title of Individual Webpage" Title of Entire Website. Date of posting. (Date you accessed the site).
Example: Houlihan, Lisa. "Contemporary Children's Literature Links." 5 January 2004. (15 January 2004). Include as much information as available for websites.