Recent Publications | St. Lawrence University Geology

Recent Publications


  • Chamberlain, S. C., G. W. Robinson, S. Robinson, M. R. Walter, D. G. Bailey, J. R. Chiarenzelli, and M. Lupulescu. 2018. The Rose Road Localities, Town of Pitcairn, St. Lawrence County, New York: Part 1 - History.  Rocks & Minerals 93:442-53.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Lupulescu, M., Regan, S., and Singer, J., 2018.  Age and origin of the Mesoproterozoic Cheever iron oxide-apatite deposits, Eastern Adirondacks, NY:  Geosciences 2018, 8(9), 345.

  • Lowe, D. G., Arnott, R.W.C., Chiarenzelli, J. R., and Rainbird, R. H., 2018.  Early Paleozoic rifting and reactivation of a passive-margin rift: insights from detrital zircon provenance signatures of the Potsdam Group, Ottawa graben:  Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, v. 130 (7-8): p. 1377-1396.

  • Lupulescu, M., Chiarenzelli, J., Pecha, M., Singer, J., and Regan, S., 2018.  Columbite-group minerals from New York pegmatites:  Insights from isotopic and geochemical analyses:  Geosciences, v. 8, p. 169-184.

  • Valentino, D. W., Chiarenzelli, J. R., and Regan, S. P., 2018.  Spatial and Temporal Links Between Shawinigan Accretionary Orogenesis and Massif Anorthosite Intrusion, southern Grenville Province, New York, U.S.A.: Journal of Geodynamics, ISSN 0264-3707,

  • Erickson, J.M. 2018. Creating the Torrey Wing: A narrative history of the ODY expansion, 1971—1981. Bulletin of the Friends of Owen D. Young and Launders Libraries.

  • Erickson, J.M. 2018. Neritoptyx hogansoni new species (Gastropoda: Mollusca) from the Upper Cretaceous Fox Hills Formation on the Dakota Isthmus, western United States. Journal of  Paleontology, 0022-3360/18/1937-2337.

  • Husinec, A. & READ, J.F., 2018, Cyclostratigraphic and δ13C record of the Lower Cretaceous Adriatic Platform, Croatia: a diagenetically overprinted Milankovitch-forced chemostratigraphic signal. Sedimentary Geology, v. 373, p. 11-31, DOI:10.1016/j.sedgeo.201805.010

  • Nagel-Myers, J., LaPoint, C.W., and McRoberts, C.P. 2018. Ecophenotypic variability during times of evolutionary stasis in Middle Devonian Actinopteria (Bivalvia: Pterioidea) from New York. Journal of Paleontology. 92(3): 388–397.

  • Dietl*, G.P., Nagel-Myers*, J., and Aronson, R.B. 2018. Indirect effects of climate change alter the cannibalistic behaviour of shell-drilling gastropods in Antarctica during the Eocene. Royal Society Open Science, 5:181446,

  • Eifert, H., and Stewart, A.K., 2018, Progress of women in the geosciences: insight from a small liberal arts school:  Geological Society of America Memoir 214, Women and Geology: Who Are We, Where Have We Come From, and Where Are We Going? edited by Beth Johnson, p. 93-102.

  • Fet, V., Kovarik, K., Graham, M., Kaiser, X. and Stewart, A.K. and Graham, M.R., 2018, A revision of Mesobuthus caucasicus complex from Central Asia, with a description of six new species (Scorpiones: Buthidae)(with appendix):  Euscorpius 255, 79pp.; doi:


  • Toraman, E., and Chiarenzelli, J.R., 2017 New Zircon and Apatite U-Pb Geochronology from the Colton –Carthage Shear Zone: Constraining the Timing of Deformation in a Major Crustal Boundary in the NW Adirondacks, GSA Annual Meeting, Abstracts with Programs, Seattle.

  • *St. Denny, J.R., and Toraman, E., 2017 Depichering Deformation Conditions along the Colton-Carthage Mylonite Zone, NW Adirondacks Based on Feldspar Microstructures, GSA Annual Meeting, Abstracts with Programs, Seattle.

  • Chamberlain, S., Robinson, G., Lupulescu, M., Chiarenzelli, J., and Walter, M., 2017. The Collector’s Guide to the Classic Pierrepont Tourmaline Locality.  Schiffer Publishing Ltd., Atglen, PA.

  • Bailey, D., Lupulsecu, M., Chiarenzelli, J., and Traylor, J. P., 2017. Age and origin of the Cannon Point syenite, Warren County, New York: Westernmost expression of White Mountain Magmatism:  Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 54, p. 379-392.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Selleck, B., Lupulescu, M., Regan, S., Bickford, M.E., Valley, P., and McLelland, J., 2017.  Lyon Mountain Ferroan Leucogranite Suite: Response to Collision, Thickened Crust, and Extension in the Core of the Grenville Orogen:  Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, v. 129, p. 1472-1488.

  • Lupulescu, M., Hughes, J. M., Chiarenzelli, J., and Bailey, D., 2017.  Texture, structure, and composition of fluorapatites from the magnetite-fluorapatite deposits, Eastern Adirondacks, New York.  Canadian Mineralogist, v. 55, p. 399-417.

  • Regan, S.P., Williams, M.L., Chiarenzelli, J.R., Grohn, L., Mahan, K.H., and Gallagher, M., 2017.  A paired U-Pb and Hf in zircon transect across the south-central Snowbird Tectonic Zone, western Churchill Province: implications for Neoarchean continuity across the Rae-Hearne boundary, northern Saskatchewan: Precambrian Research, v. 30, p. 201-222.

  • KOCH, G., PRTOLJAN, B., Husinec, A. & HAJEK-TADESSE, V., 2017, Palynofacies and paleoenvironment of the Upper Jurassic mud-supported carbonates, southern Croatia: preliminary evaluation of the hydrocarbon source rock potential. Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 80, p. 243-253. DOI:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2016.12.006

  • Stewart, A.K, Heinrich*, C.E., and Hubbard, T.D., 2017, Dendrogeomorphic evidence of frequent mass movement using reaction wood in black spruce: Alaska Highway milepost 1267, Northway Junction, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2017-7, 24 p.


  • Toraman, E., *DelGaudio, S., and Wong, M.S., (2016) Constraining the timing and kinematics of deformation in Adirondacks: Microstructural analysis of the Colton –Carthage Shear Zone, NW Adirondacks, GSA Annual Meeting, Abstracts with Programs, Denver.

  • *DelGaudio, S., and Toraman, E., (2016) Observed deformation at microstructure level in quartz at the Colton-Carthage Shear Zone, St Lawrence County, NY, GSA NE Section Meeting, Abstracts with Programs, Albany.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., 2016.  The bedrock beneath our boots.  Adirondac, v. LXXX, p. 20-25.

  • Chiarenzelli, J. R. and Selleck, B. V., 2016.  Bedrock geology of the Adirondack Region. Adirondack Journal of Environmental Studies, v. 21, p. 19-42.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Kratzmann, D., Selleck, B., de Lorraine, W., and Lupulescu, M., 2016.  Chapter 14 Utility of Detrital Zircons in an Upper Amphibolite Facies Terrane.  In Sediment Provenance, edited by Rajat Mazumder, Elsevier, p. 371-402.

  • De, S.; Mallik, L., Mazumder, R., Chatterjee, P., Ohta, T., Saito, S., and Chiarenzelli, J., 2016. Sedimentation history of the Paleoproterozoic Singhbhum Group of rocks, eastern India and its implications:  Earth-Science Reviews, v. 163, p. 141-161.

  • Lupulescu, M., Chiarenzelli, J., and Singer, J., 2016.  Rare Earth element and Yttrium mineral occurrences in the Adirondack Mountains. Adirondack Journal of Environmental Studies, v. 21, p. 81-86.

  • McLelland, J., Chiarenzelli, J., and McLelland, J., 2016.  The intrusion breccia in the valley of Roaring Brook, Giant Mountain, Adirondack Highlands, New York:  A modern interpretation.  Geosphere, v. 12 (2): 572-584.

  • Valentino, D. W., Valentino, J. D., Chiarenzelli, J. R., and Inclima, R., 2016. Faults and fractures systems in the basement rocks of the Adirondack Mountains, NY:   Adirondack Journal of Environmental Studies, v. 21, p. 101-118.   

  • Petersen, Sierra V., C.R. Tabor, K.C Lohmann, C. J. Poulsen, K.W. Meyer, S.J. Carpenter, J.M. Erickson, K.K.S. Matsunaga, S.Y. Smith, and N.D. Sheldon. 2016. Temperature and salinity of the Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway. Geology, 44(11): 903-906.

  • Husinec, A., PRTOLJAN, B., FUČEK, L., OŠTRIĆ, N., KORBAR, T., 2016, Basic Geological Map of the Republic of Croatia scale 1:50.000 – sheet Mljet: Department of Geology, Croatian Geological Survey, Zagreb (ISBN 978-953-6907-57-1).

  • READ, J.F., Husinec, A., *CANGIALOSI, M., LOEHN, C.W. & PRTOLJAN, B., 2016, Climate controlled, fabric destructive, reflux dolomitization and stabilization via marine- and synorogenic mixed fluids: an example from a large Mesozoic, calcite-sea platform, Croatia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 449, p. 108-126.

  • Husinec, A., 2016, High resolution sequence stratigraphy of the Red River Formation, North Dakota, Williston Basin: stratigraphic signature of the Upper Ordovician Katian greenhouse to icehouse transition. Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 77, p. 487-506. 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2016.07.003

  • Stewart, A.K., 2016, Dams in Afghanistan:  in, Transboundary water from Afghanistan: issues of climate change, apportionment and land-use implications, Shroder, J., McNamara, P., Ahmadzai, S.J. and Weihs, B. (eds.), Elsevier, p. 213-268.

  • Stewart, A.K., 2016, U.S. Army-Afghan hydrological development efforts (2008-2014): an improved approach to military aid:  Geoscience for the Public Good, GSA Special Publication, Wessel, G. and Greenberg, J. (eds.)., p. 193-204.

  • Stewart, A.K., 2016, U.S. Army Agribusiness Development Teams: The role of the geologist in the counterinsurgency:  Military Geosciences and Desert Warfare–past lessons and modern challenges, MacDonald, E. and Bullard, T. (eds.), Springer Press, p. 221-236.


  • Stewart, A.K., 2015, Geological-reasoning training as preparation for the “thinking warfighter” in the next-generation military:  Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, v. 16, n. 1, pp. 1-10.

  • Andrew M. W. Lawfield, Murray K. Gingras, S. George Pemberton, and J. Mark Erickson , Palaios, 2015.  Freshwater Unionid Bivalve Shells as Substrata for Trichoptera Attachment, v. 29, 525–532.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Kratzmann, D., Selleck, B., and de Lorraine, W., 2015.  Age and provenance of Grenville Supergroup rocks, Trans-Adirondack Basin, constrained by detrital zircons:  Geology, v. 43; no. 2; p. 183–186. doi:10.1130/G36372.1

  • Chiarenzelli, J., 2013.  Multi-Element Composition of Streams Draining the Adirondack High Peaks.  Adirondack Journal of Environmental Studies, v. 19.  Journal backdated due to editorial issues, first published on-line 2015.

  • Dea, S., Mazumder, R., Ohta, T., Hegner, E., Yamada, K., Bhattacharyya, T., Chiarenzelli, J., Altermann, W., and Arima, M., 2015.  Geochemical and Sm–Nd isotopic characteristics of the Late Archaean-Palaeoproterozoic Dhanjori and Chaibasa metasedimentary rocks, Singhbhum craton, E. India: Implications for provenance, and contemporary basin tectonics:  Precambrian Research, v. 256, p. 62-78.

  • Drummond, H.C. and Stewart, A.K., 2015, Master Chronology for Bradford Camps, North Maine Woods using Picea rubens, 1879-2013:  International Tree-Ring Database, National Climate Database Center, NOAA, ME036

  • Hamed, A., Jafarian, A., Husinec, A., Koeshidayatullah, A. & Swennen, R., 2015, Microfacies, depositional environment and diagenetic evolution controls on the reservoir quality of the Permian Upper Dalan Formation, Kish Gas Field, Zagros Basin. Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press. DOI:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.04.012

  • Husinec, A., & Bergstrom, S.M., 2015, Stable carbon isotope record of shallow-marine evaporative epicratonic basin carbonates, Ordovician Williston Basin, North America. Sedimentology, 62, p. 314-349. DOI:10.1111/sed.12152

  • Dr. Stewart recently published work stemming from his experiences as a soldier-geologist in the U.S. Army in Afghanistan.  During his time deployed there he began making connections between his training as a solider and his civilian training and expertise as a geologist.  In short, geological-reasoning training is a great opportunity to train the next-generation/thinking warfighter.  This paper was just published in the Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, Volume16, Issue 1, 2015


  • John W. Hoganson, J. Mark Erickson and Michael J. Everhart, 2014.  Ischyodus rayhaasi (Chimaeroidei; Callorhynchidae) from the Campanian-Maastrichtian Fox Hills Formation of northeastern Colorado, USA. Vol. 118, no. 1-2 p. 27-40.

  • Chiarenzelli, J. and Skeels, M., 2014.  End-Member Water Composition Constrained by Event Sampling in an Acidified Drainage Basin, Northern New York, USA.  Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, v. 2, p. 97-118.

  • McDermott, A. M. and Chiarenzelli, J., 2014. A demonstration of the application of quantized transforms in the scaled and optimized separation of scalar potential source contributions for use in education, research, and resource exploration:  Earth Science Research, v. 3, no. 2, p. 1-26.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Lupulescu. M., and Bailey, D., 2014.  Ultramafic and mafic rocks of the Pyrites Complex.  Trip B-2. 86th Annual New York State Geological Association Field Conference Guidebook, p. 133-166.

  • Lupulescu, M. and Chiarenzelli, J., 2014.  Geochemistry of tourmaline from some Adirondack locations: Indicator of the host environment.  Trip A-3. 86th Annual New York State Geological Association Field Conference Guidebook, p. 56-70.

  • Regan, S., Peck, W., Selleck, B., Wong, M. and Chiarenzelli, J., 2014.  Mesoproterozoic magmatism of the Adirondack Lowlands:  The result of Closure of the Trans-Adirondack Back-Arc Basin: Trip A-4. 86th Annual New York State Geological Association Field Conference Guidebook, p. 71-90.

  • Stewart, A.K. and *Klepetko, R.W., 2014, Battle of Sackett’s Harbour (29MAY1813): a geological field guide to lake-shore processes and military tactics: NYS Geological Association Annual Field Meeting, Alexandria Bay, NY, Fieldguide and Program; pp. 29-55.

  • Stewart, Alexander K., 2014, U.S. Army Agriculture Development Teams: A Grassroots Effort in Afghanistan Supporting Development and Tackling Insurgency:  Science and Diplomacy, v. 3, n. 1, pp. 70-87. [invited]

  • Stewart, A.K. and *Serviss, S.R., 2014, Master Chronology for Crooked Lake, Adirondacks using Pinus strobus, 1916-2013:  International Tree-Ring Database, National Climate Database Center, NOAA, NY043,

  • Gifford, J.N., Mueller, P.A., Foster, D.A., Mogk, D.W., 2014. Precambrian Crustal Evolution in the Great Falls tectonic zone: Insights from Xenoliths from the Montana Alkali Province. Journal of Geology, v. 122, n. 5, p. 531-548.

  • Oštrić, N., Fuček, L., Prtoljan, B., Jelaska, V., Korolija, B., Gušić, I., Sparica, M., Korbar, T., and Husinec, A., 2014, Basic Geological Map of the Republic of Croatia scale 1:50.000 – sheet Vis 4: Department of Geology, Croatian Geological Survey, Zagreb (ISBN 978-953-6907-28-1).

  • Husinec, A., and Donaldson, J.A., 2014, A-1 Lower Paleozoic sedimentary succession of the St. Lawrence River Valley, New York and Ontario, in NYSGA Annual Field Conference, Alexandria Bay, NY, p. 1-28.|

  • Fuček, L., Matičec, D., Vlahović, I., Oštrić, N., Prtoljan, B., Korbar, T., Husinec, A., and Palenik, D., 2014, Basic Geological Map of the Republic of Croatia scale 1:50.000 – sheet Cres 4: Department of Geology, Croatian Geological Survey, Zagreb (ISBN 978-953-6907-29-8).

  • Sokac, B., Grgasovic, T., and Husinec, A., 2014, Clypeina lagustensis n.sp., a new calcareous alga from the Lower Tithonian of the Lastovo Island (Croatia). Geologia croatica, v. 67, p. 75-86.

  • Schlagintweit, F., Husinec, A., and Jez, B., 2014, Siphodinarella costata n. gen., n. sp., a new benthic foraminifer from the Coniacian of the Adriatic carbonate platform (Slovenia, Croatia): Facies, v. 59, p. 133-145.


  • Becky Brice, Kara K. Lorion, Daniel Griffin, Alison K. Macalady, Christopher H. Guiterman, James H. Speer, Laura R. Benakoun, Amy Cutter, Megan E. Hart, Michael P. Murray, Stephen E. Nash, Robert Shepard, Alexander K. Stewart, and Haitao Wang 2013. BioOne, Signal Strength In Sub-Annual Tree-Ring Chronologies from Pinus ponderosa In Northern New Mexico

  • Erickson J.M., and Platt R.B. 2013.  Oribatid Mites. In: Elias S.A. (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science 2nd edition,, 2, Vol. 2, pp. 679-698. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 


  • Fuček, L., Matičec, D., Vlahović, I., Oštrić, N., Prtoljan, B., Korbar, T., and Husinec, A., 2012, Basic Geological Map of the Republic of Croatia scale 1:50.000 – sheet Cres 2: Department of Geology, Croatian Geological Survey, Zagreb (ISBN 978-953-6907-26-7).
  • Korbar, T., Belak, M., Fuček, L., Husinec, A., Oštrić, N., Palenik, D., and Vlahović, I., 2012, Basic Geological Map of the Republic of Croatia scale 1:50.000 – sheet Vis 3 and Biševo 1: Department of Geology, Croatian Geological Survey, Zagreb (ISBN 978-953-6907-27-4).
  • Stewart, Alexander K., 2012,Journal of Arachnology, v. 40, pp 245-248. Military base growth in Afghanistan: a threat to scorpion populations?
  • Husinec, A., Harman, C.A., Regan, S.P., Mosher, D.A., Sweeney, R.J., & Read, J.F., 2012, Sequence development influenced by intermittent cooling events in Cretaceous Aptian greenhouse, Adriatic Platform, Croatia. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 96, p. 2215-2244.
  • Rendall, B.E. & Husinec, A., 2012, Importance of Dimorphosiphon (Chlorophyta, Bryopsidales) for facies and paleobiogeographic studies of the Upper Ordovician Richmondian Red River Formation, Williston Basin. Palaios, 27, p. 693-706.
  • Huntley, J.W., D.S. Kaufman, M. Kowalewski, C.S. Romanek, R.J. Neves. In Press. Sub-centennial resolution amino acid geochronology for the freshwater mussel Lampsilis for the last 2000 years.
    Quaternary Geochronology.
  • Huntley, J.W., D. Scarponi. 2012. Evolutionary and ecological implications of trematode parasitism of modern and fossil northern Adriatic bivalves. Paleobiology 38(1): 40-51.
  • Valentino, D., Chiarenzelli, J., Hewitt, E., and Valentino, J., 2012. Applications of water-based magnetic gradiometry to assess the geometry and displacement for concealed faults in the southern Adirondacks Mountains, New York, U.S.A.:  Journal of Applied Geophysics, v. 76, p. 109-126.
  • Chiarenzelli, J., Lock, R., Cady, C., Bregani, A., and Whitney, B., 2011.  Variation in river multi-element chemistry related to bedrock buffering: an example from the Adirondack region of northern New York, USA:  Environmental Earth Sciences, v. 67, no. 1, p. 189-204.


  • Chiarenzelli, J., Hudson, M., Dahl, P., and deLorraine, W. D., 2011.  Constraints on deposition in the Trans-Adirondack Basin, Northern New York:  Composition and origin of the Popple Hill Gneiss:  Precambrian Research, v. 214-215, p. 154-171.

  • Regan, S. P., Chiarenzelli, J. R., McLelland, J. M., and Cousens, B. L., 2011.  Evidence for an enriched asthenospheric source for coronitic metagabbros in the Adirondack Highlands:  Geosphere, v. 7, p. 694-709.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Lupulescu, M., Thern, E. and Cousens, B., 2011. Tectonic implications of the discovery of a Shawinigan ophiolite (Pyrites Complex) in the Adirondack Lowlands: Geosphere, v. 7, p. 333-356.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Valentino, D., Lupulescu, M., Thern, E., and Johnston, S., 2011.  Differentiating Shawinigan and Ottawan Orogenesis in the Central Adirondacks:  Geosphere, v. 7, p. 2-22.

  • Lupulescu, M., Chiarenzelli, J., Pullen, A., and Price, J., 2011.  Using pegmatite geochronology to constrain temporal events in the Adirondack Mountains:  Geosphere, v.7, p. 23-39.

  • Husinec, A. & Read, J.F., 2011, Microbial laminite- versus rooted/burrowed caps on peritidal cycles: salinity-control on parasequence development, Early Cretaceous isolated carbonate platform, Croatia. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 123, p. 1896-1907. DOI: 10.1130/B30305.1 pdf.

  • Husinec, A., 2011, Carbonate Platform Evidence Bearing on Climate, Salinity, Dasycladalean Diversity, and Marine Anoxic Events During Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous Greenhouse, Palaios, 26, p. 519-521. DOI: 10.2110/palo.2011.S05 pdf.

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Valentino, D., Lupulescu, M., Thern, E., and Johnston, S., 2011.  Differentiating Shawinigan and Ottawan Orogenesis in the Central Adirondacks:  Geosphere, v. 7, p. 2-22.

  • Lupulescu, M., Chiarenzelli, J., Pullen, A., and Price, J., 2011.  Using pegmatite geochronology to constrain temporal events in the Adirondack Mountains:  Geosphere, v.7, p. 23-39.

  • Peppe, D.J., Dana L. Royer1 ,Bárbara Cariglino3 ,Sofia Y. Oliver1 ,Sharon Newman1 ,Elias Leight1 ,Grisha Enikolopov1 ,Margo Fernandez-Burgos1 ,Fabiany Herrera4 ,Jonathan M. Adams5 ,Edwin Correa6 ,Ellen D. Currano7 ,J. Mark Erickson8 ,Luis Felipe Hinojosa9 ,John W. Hoganson10 ,Ari Iglesias11 ,Carlos A. Jaramillo6 ,Kirk R. Johnson12 ,Gregory J. Jordan13 ,Nathan Kraft14 ,Elizabeth C. Lovelock15 ,Christopher H. Lusk16 ,Ülo Niinemetes17 ,Gillian Rapson18 ,Scott L. Wing19 ,Ian J. Wright16. 2011.  Sensitivity of leaf size and shape to climate: global patterns and paleoclimatic applications.  New Phytologist, 2011:1-16.


  • Burton-Kelly, M.E. and J.M. Erickson. 2010.  A New Occurrence of Protichnites Owen, 1852, in the Late Cambrian Potsdam Sandstone of the St. Lawrence Lowlands.  The Open Paleontology Journal, 3:1-13. (pdf)

  • Jeff Chiarenzelli, Sean Regan, William H. Peck, Bruce W. Selleck, Brian Cousens, Graham B. Baird and Catherine H. Shrady: Shawinigan arc magmatism in the Adirondack Lowlands as a consequence of closure of the Trans-Adirondack backarc basin: Geosphere 2010;6;900-916

  • Chiarenzelli, J., Lupulescu, M., Cousens, B., Thern, E., Coffin, L., and Regan, S., 2010.  Enriched Grenvillian lithospheric mantle as a consequence of long-lived subduction beneath Laurentia:  Geology, v. 38, p. 151-154.

  • O’Connor, M., Zabik, M., Cady, C., Cousens, B., and Chiarenzelli, J., 2010.  Multi-element analysis, links to bedrock, and quality of groundwater in rural Northern New York: Water, v. 2, p. 217-238.