LRC - Services - Diacritical Marks in Foreign Languages

Diacritical Marks in Foreign Languages

On a Macintosh:

These instructions work for any and every program on
a Mac.

Option + e then vowel = á é í ó ú
Option + ` then vowel = à è
ì ò ù
Option + n then letter = ñ ã õ
Option + u = ä ë ï ö ü
Option +
i = â î ê ô û
Option + a = å
Option + o = ø
Option + c = ç

Option + s = ß
Option + ' = æ
Option + q = œ
Option + shift + ?
= ¿
Option + 1 = ¡

On a PC:

There are different instructions depending on the type of
keyboard(s) you have setup, and which program you are using.

Method 1: Microsoft Word Only

CTRL + ' then letter = á é í ó ú

CTRL + ` then letter = à è ì ò ù
CTRL + shift + ` then letter = ñ ã õ

CTRL + shift + ; then letter = ä ë ï ö ü
CTRL + shift + 6 then letter =
â î ê ô û
CTRL + shift + 2 then a = å
CTRL + / then o = ø
CTRL + ,
then c = ç
CTRL + shift + 7 then s = ß
CTRL + shift + 7 then a = æ

CTRL + shift + 7 then o = œ
ALT + CTRL + shift + ? = ¿
ALT + CTRL +
shift + 1 = ¡

Method 2: Using an International Keyboard Layout

This is the method
that works in our language labs in Carnegie (212 and 214).
1. On the right
side of the windows task bar (bottom right hand corner of your screen), find the
icon of a blue square with the EN in white. Click on this icon and go to Show
Language Bar.
2. When the language bar appears on the upper right hand
corner of the screen, go to the second tab in from the left (little keyboard
icon). Choose English - International.
3. Now, when you are in this mode,
you can use dead keys to create the characters you want. Click on the dead key,
then the character you want to put the mark over.
Dead keys:
' (single
quote key) = acute accent
` grave accent
~ (shift + `) = tilde
^
(shift + 6) = circumflex
" (shift + ') = umlaut
Using the right ALT key
gives you other characters as well.

Method 3: Windows XP Language Options

You can set up various
international keyboard layouts on your computer using the control panel in
Windows XP.
1. Open the Control Panel (Start menu to Control Panel).
2.
If the control panel is set to category view, choose Regional and Language
Options.
If the control panel is not set to category view, choose Date,
Time, Language, and Regional Options.
3. Click the Languages tab near the
top of the dialog window.
4. Select the desired keyboard layout from the
Default Input Language list and then click Apply.
5. Choose the script:

* If you wish to use complex scripts, right-to-left languages, or Thai,
select the first of the two options at the bottom.
• If you wish to use East
Asian Languages, select the second option at the bottom.
• Click the details
button in the top of the dialog.
6. Click the Add button to add keyboard
layouts or IMEs. After you have finished, you may also wish to go back to this
dialog and click the Language Bar and/or Key Settings buttons to tweak certain
options to your preference.

To use:
1. If you wish to type in a
particular language, choose this language as both the Input Language and the
Keyboard Layout. For example, for Cyrillic letters, choose Russian.

2. If
you wish to type accented characters for many European languages, choose English
United States for the Input Language and United States International as the
keyboard layout (see Method 2 above).

3. After you have acknowledged all the
dialogs with OK (and, if necessary, restarted your computer), you will be able
to type special characters.
4. If you now have several input languages or
keyboard layouts installed, you can switch between them by pressing the left ALT
key and SHIFT.
5. A little blue square in the Input Language Bar shows what
language you have currently selected.

Method 4: ASCII character codes

This method is best if you only
rarely need accented characters.
1. Press and hold the right ALT key while
entering the 4-digit ASCII number combination listed below on the number keypad.

2. Release the right ALT key and the desired character should appear in your
document.
Note: if you are using a keyboard other than US standard, you may
need to use the left ALT key rather that the right one.

Windows Western
Character Table:
à 0224 À 0192
á 0225 Á 0193
â 0226 Â 0194
ã
0227 Ã 0195
ä 0228 Ä 0196
å 0229 Å 0197
æ 0230 Æ 0198
ç 0231 Ç
0199
è 0232 È 0200
é 0233 É 0201
ê 0234 Ê 0202
ë 0235 Ë 0203

ì 0236 Ì 0204
í 0237 Í 0205
î 0238 Î 0206
ï 0239 Ï 0207
ð
0240 Ð 0208
ñ 0241 Ñ 0209
ò 0242 Ò 0210
ó 0243 Ó 0211
ô 0244 Ô
0212
õ 0245 Õ 0213
ö 0246 Ö 0214
ø 0248 Ø 0216
ù 0249 Ù 0217

ú 0250 Ú 0218
û 0251 Û 0219
ü 0252 Ü 0220
ý 0253 Ý 0221
þ
0254 Þ 0222
ÿ 0255 Ÿ 0159
œ 0156 Œ 0140
š 0154 Š 0138
¡ 0161 ¿
0191
ƒ 0131 µ 0181
¢ 0162 £ 0163
¤ 0164 ¥ 0165
÷ 0247 × 0215

™ 0153 © 0169
® 0174 § 0167
ß 0223 Æ 0198
° 0176 æ 0230