United States Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor is the first Latina to sit on the United States Supreme Court. She was a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit when President Barack Obama nominated her to replace retired Justice David Souter on the U.S. Supreme Court in 2009. Of Puerto Rican descent, she was raised in the Bronx, New York, by her widowed mother, graduated with honors from Princeton University (1976) and earned her law degree from Yale University (1979). Sotomayor then served as an assistant district attorney in the New York County District Attorney's Office from 1979 until 1984. That year she went into private practice as a litigator, continuing until 1991, when she was nominated to the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, by President George H.W. Bush. She was confirmed in 1992. President William J. Clinton nominated her for the U.S. Court of Appeals in June of 1997; she was confirmed in October 1998. She was confirmed as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in August of 2009.