This component focuses on the socio-economic, and environmental factors responsible for changing the Maasai culture and pastoral lifestyle from pure nomadic pastoralism to semi-sedentary mixed agro-pastoralism in the Amboseli region. More recently, the region has seen a greater influx of non-Maasai immigrants and experienced a gradual shift from purely pastoral to mixed agro-pastoral economy. This shift, coupled with the increasing human-wildlife conflicts and, the introduction of community-based tourism have resulted in significant changes in the Maasai's pastoral lifestyle. We will examine the competition and conflicts over land, water, pasture and, natural resources. We will explore how the local Maasai manage their own wildlife sanctuaries, tourist lodges, campsites and, cultural tourism ventures. We will also examine the major conservation issues in the region. Students spend a night in a traditional Maasai homestead to engage our host community in many formal and informal discussions.